What is Orofacial Myology?

THERAPY FOR THUMB OR FINGER SUCKING, INCORRECT TONGUE RESTING POSTURE, TONGUE THRUST SWALLOWING PATTERN, OPEN MOUTH REST POSTURE AND/OR MOUTHBREATHING.

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You may have been referred to this office by your dentist, orthodontist, or speech therapist. If so, you may have many questions about orofacial myology, orofacial disorders and myofunctional therapy.

WHAT ARE OROFACIAL MYOFUNCTIONAL DISORDERS?

Myofunctional disorders involve behaviors and patterns created by inappropriate muscle function and harmful habits involving the tongue, lips and jaws. For example, thumb or finger sucking can create incorrect muscle function and patterns.

What is Orofacial Myology?

WHAT CAUSES THE PROBLEMS?

It is often difficult to identify any one particular source, since the disorders can be a result of a myriad of contributing factors. However, the most commonly noted causative factor of orofacial myofunctional abnormalities is prolonged mouth breathing, due to restricted nasal airway, structural abnormalities, or allergies. The incorrect positioning of the tongue during rest may contribute to improper orofacial development and misalignment of the teeth. An incorrect resting posture of the tongue can also alter the swallowing pattern.

HOW CAN OROFACIAL MYOLOGY HELP THE ISSUE?

Restoring normal rest posture of the tongue and lips and eliminating and retraining a tongue thrust swallowing pattern can help to:

  • Guide the teeth into a more desirable relationship during the growth and development years
  • Assist the orthodontist in aligning the teeth and jaws properly
  • Assist stabilization of the teeth during and/or aft